Sunscreens provide essential protection from the burning sun but have been found to destroy reefs around the world due to their chemical composition. The good news is that alternatives are now available. We can keep protecting ourselves in a healthier fashion, and the coral at the same time thanks to reef-friendly sunscreens.
Protecting yourself AND the Ocean
99,9% of the population love a sunny holiday. Even if one prefers skiing the best peaks of the world, the sun is always welcome. When it comes to a tropical holiday, having blue skies and sun rays is expected. And as we all know, one can get burnt severely, whether the weather is sunny or cloudy. Even the brightest and most careful people have become “human lobsters” at least once in their lifetime. Dermatologists have been warning us for decades against the negative effects of the UV we so desperately seek on a tropical holiday. We all know to stay in the shade when the sun is at its highest, and to apply sunscreen when we are exposed. It only makes sense for us to protect our skin. But at what cost? Did you know that sunscreen has been destroying one of our most precious and diverse ecosystem.
What is happening?
Oxybenzone is a chemical found in most sunscreens and has been found to be harmful to our beloved coral reefs. About 5000 tons of sunscreen enter the water in reef areas around the world. Popular destinations are being affected the most due to the plethora of visitors per year. However, this is a global issue. Wherever humans go, there is an impact. Even in small doses, oxybenzone contributes to bleaching and disrupts reproduction and growth. The weakened reefs, which are already under pressure from climate change, pollution and overfishing to name only a few, are struggling to recover.
What to do?
Nowadays, more and more ocean lovers are aware and have started buying eco-friendly sunscreens. The fact that travelers are choosing to minimize their impact by purchasing this type of protection is great news for the reefs! Although, one ought to do some research before buying a product labeled as “eco-friendly” or “reef-friendly” as it is often deceivingly used as a marketing tool to increase sales. One must read the label carefully to make sure that the product is truly doing what it claims. I therefore did some research so that you don’t have to, and compiled a non-exhaustive list of sunscreens, which are reef friendly, cruelty free and, for the most part, vegan. Three good deeds at once! Some of these are also eco-certified meaning that they mainly use organic ingredients and must come in recyclable packages. An additional bonus to all this is that you would be putting safer products on your skin!
1 – Biosolis is produced in Belgium but ships internationally
2 – The Algamaris line of Laboratoires de Biarritz is produced in France (a blogger’s review here)
3 – Acorelle is produced in France as well, but a quick Google search will bring you to an international website
4 – Aethic Sovee is produced in Italy
5 – Badger is also produced in the USA. These sunscreens contain bees wax
6 – The Botanical range of Australian Gold is produced in Australia
7 – Green Goddess is produced in the USA and only ships within the USA but also have store locations in Canada and the Netherlands
8 – Raw Elements is produced in the USA and also ships to Canada when products are purchased on their online shop. This brand also contains bees wax.
9 – Eco Logical Skincare is produced in the USA and sold on a wide range of online health stores such as Nourished Life and Bella Naturally for Australians and a few other countries. This is another brand containing bees wax.
10 – Thank Me Later is produced in Indonesia and widely sold across Bali and a few shops in Australia, Thailand and Spain. If you didn’t come to Bali prepared, this will be your life saver as you can find the list of stockists on their website. Sunscreens do contain bees wax.
The “bonus” reef-friendly sunscreen product from Stream2Sea is not pictured on the list above because they test on coral and fish. However, we like their transparency policy and the fact that it is produced in the USA by a scuba diver who made this potentially “controversial” choice out of love for the ocean.
As you can see, even with this non-exhaustive list, there is a wide array of sunscreens available on every continent. Most of them are even available internationally online via their website or third party resellers like Amazon or health websites. So it should be fairly easy to find one close to you or buy it online in preparation for the holidays. It is very difficult to find the perfect product. Quite a few of the above still contain ingredients which can be harmful to the reefs, such as bees wax (keep on reading for more info), which we would recommend avoiding. I hope that this helped you understanding the importance of choosing the best possible sunscreen for the reef and yourself.
If you already own one and are not sure if it is safe to use, check our additional tips:
+ Reef safe sunscreens tend to be thicker as they are mineral sunscreens so don’t use too much and rub well as demonstrated here by the founder of Stream2Sea:
+ Spray-on sunscreen gets all over the place and land on the sand, which later washes in the ocean, consider rub on products instead
+ Consumers should take extra care not to use a sunscreen advertising “nano” zinc oxide, as this can be toxic to your body. It is best if the sunscreen sticks to your skin as a protective layer to do its job in protecting you from the sun rather than being absorbed
+ Try getting the simplest formulas as plant-based oils added to sunscreens, like eucalyptus and lavender, can be dangerous to invertebrates
+ Sunscreens containing bees wax can be harmful due to pesticides, which remain through the process of making any sunscreen containing this ingredient
+ The most efficient way to protect yourself and the reef is to wear rash guards or surf leggings, when surfing, snorkeling, or building sand castles
Written by Laura, lover of all things water, passionate diver and ocean advocate